Prof. Edwin E. Moise
Office: Hardin 102
Messages can be left in my mailbox in the department office (Hardin 124), or in the box on my office door.
Office Hours: I will try to be available to you, both face to face in my office and by Zoom, during the hours listed below. There may be times when that will not be possible. On the other hand, I will be available for much more of the week than my official office hours. E-mail me, or just check and see if my door is open.
Monday 2:30-3:20 Tuesday 11:00-12:00, 2:00-3:15 Wednesday 2:30-3:20 Thursday (none officially scheduled but I will often be available) Friday (none officially scheduled but I will often be available)
The prerequisite for HIST 4920 is sophomore standing. There are no prerequisites for HIST 6920.
If the pandemic gets bad enough I may have to change my plans, but I plan to teach this as a traditional history class. Lectures, the quiz, and tests will take place in the classroom. Most discussion will be in the classroom, though some will take place through Canvas. You will turn in written assignments (other than the quiz and tests) through Canvas.
Research Paper: The most important single part of your grade will be the course
paper. You can write it on whatever topic you please, within the limit of the subject matter of this course.
The papers should be at least eight pages long typed double
spaced for the actual text (not including title page, maps, illustrations, or Works Cited page). Longer
papers are acceptable. If footnotes take up a lot of each page, make it at least nine pages.
Papers for students in HIST 6920 should be fiftten to twenty pages, or more.
For more detailed guidelines on the term paper, see Writing a Term Paper in Military History.
The paper is due Wednesday, April 27. I request that you turn it in electronically through Canvas, which records the date you submitted it. If Canvas says it was turned in on April 27 (in other words, if it got in before 11:59 pm), it will be considered on time. There will be a five point penalty if the paper is submitted on April 28 or 29. The penalty will be fifteen points if it is not in by midnight April 29.
You can have a pretty free choice of topics for this paper, within the limits of the subject matter of this course. You must talk with me, in person or by Zoom, and discuss the sources you will be using. It is not enough to say to me as we are walking out of the classroom one morning "Professor Moise, is it OK if I write about the Afghan presidential election of 2014?" You will need to talk things over with me for ten or fifteen minutes, not just a few seconds. After we have talked, I will give you a blank topic sheet, which you will then fill out and return to me. The sheet should describe your topic, with a list of the main sources you plan to use. There will be a five point penalty if you have not given this to me by March 18, and an additional five points if it is not in by April 1. If it still is not in by April 8, I will either give you yet another five-point penalty, or else simply hand you a sheet of paper telling you what topic you must write on, and what sources you must use.
If you give me a preliminary draft of your paper as an e-mail attachment by April 18 (preferably before that), I will look it over and give you suggestions about how you could improve it.
Tests: The midterm test (70 points) and the final exam (120 points) will be mostly essay.
Newspaper Research Exercise: 40 points.
Book Report: I would like each student to read a different book from the following list, first give me a report on it, and after I have given feedback on your report, present a report orally to the class.
Bob Woodward, Bush at War. Simon & Schuster, 2002. Bush administration decisionmaking, September to December, 2001.
Robert Grenier, 88 Days to Kandahar: A CIA Diary. The effort to overthrow the Taliban in 2001 in its heartland in southern Afghanistan.
Gary C. Schroen, First In: An Insider’s Account of How the CIA Spearheaded the War on Terror In Afghanistan. Presidio, 2006.
Sean Naylor, Not a Good Day to Die: The Untold Story of Operation Anaconda. Berkley (Penguin), 2005. The first bloody battle for US forces in Afghanistan, in early 2002.
Major Rusty Bradley, Lions of Kandahar: The Story of a Fight Against All Odds. New York: Bantam, 2011, 2015. Bradley, then a captain, commanded a Special Forces A-team in Afghanistan in 2006.
LtCol Seth W. B. Folsom, Where Youth and Laughter Go: With the Cutting Edge in Afghanistan. Naval Institute Press, 2015. Folsom commanded the 3/7 Marines in Sangin district, Helmand province, 2011-12.
Michael J. Forsyth, A Year in Command in Afghanistan: Journal of a United States Army Battalion Commander, 2009-2010. McFarland, 2017.
Jonathan S. Addleton, The Dust of Kandahar: A Diplomat among Warriors in Afghanistan. Naval Institute Press, 2016. Addleton was US Senior Civilian Representative (SCR) in a four-province area of southern Afghanistan, August 2012 to August 2013, during the American withdrawal that followed the Obama surge.
Daniel R. Green, The Valley’s Edge: A Year with the Pashtuns in the Heartland of the Taliban. Potomac Books, 2012.
Daniel R. Green, In the Warlords’ Shadow: Special Operations Forces, the Afghans, and Their Fight Against the Taliban. Naval Institute Press, 2017.
Zalmay Khalilzad, The Envoy: From Kabul to the White House, My Journey Through a Turbulent World. St Martin’s, 2016.
Carter Malkasian, War Comes to Garmser. Oxford University Press, 2013.
Ronald E. Neumann, The Other War: Winning and Losing in Afghanistan. Potomac Books, 2009. Neumann was US ambassador to Afghanistan 2005-2007.
Sarah Chayes, Thieves of State: Why Corruption Threatens Global Security. New York: Norton, 2015, 2016.
Michael Hastings, The Operators: The Wild and Terrifying Inside Story of America’s War in Afghanistan. Blue Rider Press (Penguin), 2012.
Sean M. Maloney, Confronting the Chaos: A Rogue Military Historian Returns to Afghanistan. Naval Institute Press, 2009. Maloney, a Canadian, observed the work of provincial reconstruction teams 2004-5.
Sean M. Maloney, Fighting for Afghanistan: A Rogue Historian at War. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2011. Maloney returned to Afghanistan in 2006 to observe operations of international forces under a Canadian headquarters in Kandahar.
I would prefer that only one of these three books be chosen:
Wesley Morgan, The Hardest Place: The American Military Adrift in Afghanistan’s Pech Valley. Random House, 2021.
Sebastian Junger, War. New York: Twelve (Hachette), 2010. The Korengal Valley.
Jake Tapper, The Outpost: An Untold Story of American Valor. Little, Brown, 2012.
Robert M. Cassidy, War, Will, and Warlords: Counterinsurgency in Afghanistan and Pakistan, 2001-2011. Quantico, VA: Marine Corps University Press, 2012. https://www.marines.mil/Portals/1/Publications/War,%20Will,%20and%20Warlords.pdf
Antonio Giustozzi, The Taliban at War: 2001-2018. Oxford University Press, 2019.
Craig Whitlock, The Afghanistan Papers: A Secret History of the War. Simon & Schuster, 2021.
Brian Glyn Williams, The Last Warlord: The Life and Legend of Dostum, the Afghan Warrior Who Led US Special Forces to Topple the Taliban Regime. Chicago Review Press, 2013.
Academic integrity requires that we not try to pass off other people's work as our own. On the basis of experience in past years, I would say that if an academic dishonesty case were to occur in this course, it would probably be either: in past years, have been:
Large portions of a term paper copied from a book or web site, without any indication that the material was copied. Typically this involves both large amounts of material quoted word-for-word, without quotation marks, and also a serious shortage of source notes pointing to the book from which the material came. Often there are misleading source notes claiming the material came from some source other than the one from which it was actually copied word-for-word. These false source notes are especially strong evidence that the copying was dishonesty and not just carelessness.
Whole term paper obtained from some source (a commercial term paper service, or the Internet, or the collection of term papers that one of the fraternities used to have, and may still have).
One student copies another student's paper on an assignment, maybe changing a few words and substituting synonyms, but leaving the two papers still so similar that it is obvious the resemblance could not be coincidence. I would be likely to bring charges both against the student who copied and the student who allowed his or her paper to be copied.
If a student copied a paper from someplace without citing that source, but rephrased it, substituting synonyms for enough words so that the copied paper was not identical, word for word, to the original, this would still be academic dishonesty, but would be more difficult for me to prove.
There are some ways in which it is all right for students to help each other. If two students want to study together getting ready for a test, that is perfectly OK. Only after I have handed out the questions does help on a test become improper. But if two people work together on a newspaper research exercise, and turn in papers that are very similar because each has been getting a lot of help from the other in writing it, both will be in deep trouble. If one of your fellow students asks to look at your paper, to get a better idea of how the assignment was to be done, please say no. They should come to me to ask for further explanations of the assignment, rather than looking at a completed paper to give them their clues. If two papers are so similar it is obvious the author of one must have seen the other, I will file charges.
In furtherance of its Academic Integrity policy, Clemson University has a license agreement with Turnitin.com, a service that helps prevent plagiarism in student assignments. When you turn in your paper through Canvas, it will go to Turnitin, which compare it with a huge database that contains many documents available on the Internet and many papers turned in at other universities in past years. Turnitin does not make any determination of plagiarism. Rather, it informs me of any sections of your paper that match items in its database, and lets me make my own evaluation. If I see something that looks extremely suspicious, I will discuss this information with you before reaching any judgment or decision.
Do not turn in a paper in this course that you have also submitted in some other course, in this semester or a previous one, without consulting me first.
Starting January 24, all absences from class must be reported through Student Notification of Absence, on Canvas. You can get to that by clicking Help on the left side of the screen. You will be penalized two points for every absence after January 24 that has not been reported through that system. Absences up through January 21 will not be counted against you.
January 12: Introduction to the Course
January 14: Background to Afghanistan
>>> Malkasian, pp. 12-33
January 17: MLK Birthday Holiday: NO CLASS
January 19: The Soviet War in Afghanistan
Read three sections of Moise, "Limited War":
>>> "Afghanistan: The Soviet Union's Limited War"
>>> "Comparing the Limits"
>>> "Will to Win"
January 21: The Soviet Withdrawal from Afghanistan
The Geneva Agreements of April 14, 1988, as published by the United Nations. The most important parts are paragraphs 5 and 6 of the Agreement on Interrelationships (pages 11-12) and the statement by the United States (page 14). Read those carefully. You only need to skim the rest, but do skim it, and get an idea of the overall pattern, which in some ways was rather peculiar, of the agreements. Consider making a comment in the Discussion section of Canvas.
"Afghan Countdown", Washington Post, March 28, 1988, A14.
"Soviets Stall Afghanistan Withdrawal", Washington Post, November 5, 1988, A1.
January 24: The Taliban won control of most of Afghanistan, and allied with Al Qaeda
>>> Malkasian, pp. 33-52
January 26: The 9/11 attack on the United States provoked the American invasion of Afghanistan. In this class we will skim over these events rather briefly. We will
come back and consider themselves in more detail when Mr. Byrd, Ms. Ball, and Mr. Gray are ready to present their book reports.
>>> Malkasian, pp. 53-72
>>> James Dao and Thom Shanker, "Special Forces, On the Ground, Aid the Rebels", The New York Times, October 31, 2001. I
>>> Jon Lee Anderson, "The Surrender: Double agents, defectors, disaffected Taliban, and a motley army battle for Kunduz." The New Yorker, December 10, 2001.
January 28: The Americans consolidated, but had very few boots on the ground.
>>> Malkasian, pp. 72-78
Edmund Degen and Mark Reardon, Modern War in an Ancient Land: The United States Army in Afghanistan, 2001-2014, Volume I, pp. 119-126/
Jan 31, Feb 2: The government of President Hamid Karzai.
>>> Malkasian, pp. 80-102
>>> Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction, Reconstructing the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces: Lessons from the U.S. Experience in Afghanistan, pp. 11-15.
Feb 4, 7: Infighting in the government created an opportunity for the Taliban in Kandahar province
>>> Malkasian, pp. 103-127
Feb 9, 11: the Taliban offensive of 2006.
>>> Malkasian, pp. 129-156
Feb 14: Newspaper Research Exercise:
Notice whose opinions you are reading. Was the item written by a journalist? If not, mention what sort of person the author was. If it was written by a journalist, was the journalist presenting his/her own opinions, or summarizing or quoting other people's statements? If a journalist was summarizing or quoting other people's statements, did the journalist show signs of believing those statements, or doubting them, or did the journalist not show any signs one way or the other?
I want to see one essay based on several articles, not a string of essentially separate mini-essays, each based on a single article. Try to select articles that will allow you to have some unifying themes in your essay.
Please give source notes. I want to be able to tell in each section of your paper which article or articles you are discussing in that section. It is not enough to have a list at the end, if I can't tell as I read the paper which article you are discussing where. Source notes must give page numbers. I don't care about the format of source notes as long as they tell me what I need to know. Any format that allows me easily to discern the author's name if that was given (a lot of articles are published without the author's name being given), the title of the article, the title of the publication, and the date and page, is OK.
A number of major newspapers, including the Chicago Tribune, the Los Angeles Times, the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, and the Washington Post, are available online through the Clemson Library's Databases Page. For some of these for the more distant past there is a "Historical" option that provides a better and richer access, including maps and photos, but of these only "New York Times, Historical" extends to years as recent as 2006.
Please turn in you paper electronically through Canvas, before midnight, as an MS Word document.
Feb 16, 18: Taliban Rule
>>> Malkasian, pp. 157-75
Feb 21, 23: War in the East
>>> Malkasian, pp. 177-98
Feb 25: Midterm Test.
Feb 28, March 2: As the Taliban advanced in the South, the US pulled forces out of the East.
>>> Malkasian, pp. 199-217
March 4, 7: The Obama Administration decides to surge in Afghanistan. Karzai was re-elected president in a rather fraudulent 2009 election.
>>> Malkasian, pp. 218-240
March 9, 11: The Surge in Helmand
>>> Malkasian, pp. 241-62
March 14, 16: The Surge in Kandahar
>>> Malkasian, pp. 273-98
March 18, 28: The End of the Surge
>>> Malkasian, pp. 299-314
March 30: Ghazni and the Andar Awakening: A Tribal uprising against the Taliban in 2012
>>> Malkasian, pp. 315-327
April 1, 4: Intervention and Identity: Taliban vs. Government security forces, and Karzai vs. the Americans
>>> Malkasian, pp. 328-49
April 6, 8: While the Americans were withdrawing from Afghanistan, the 2014 elections were marred by rampant fraud. Ghani (a Pashtun) and Abdullah (a Tajik) both claimed to have won. The US brokered a deal for them to share power.
>>> Malkasian, pp. 350-76
April 11, 13: The Taliban offensives of 2015 and 2016.
>>> Malkasian, pp. 377-403
April 15, 18: The Trump administration
>>> Malkasian, pp. 404-422
April 20, 22: Peace talks
>>> Malkasian, pp. 423-447
April 25, 27: The Biden Administration’s withdrawal.
Steve Coll and Adam Entous, "The Fall of the Islamic Republic, " New Yorker, 12/20/2021, Vol. 97 Issue 42, p32-45.
>>> Malkasian, pp. 448-61
May 6: FINAL EXAM, 3:00 to 5:30 PM
Edwin Moïse's homepage
Revised March 5, 2022.