Vietnam War Bibliography:

Background: Pre-colonial and Colonial Vietnam

Balny d'Avricourt, Adrien, L'enseigne Balny at la conquête du Tonkin: Indochine 1873. Paris: Éditions France-Empire, 1973. 324 pp.

Armand di Biencourt, Au Tonkin, 1884-1885-1886. Paris: Imprimerie générale Lahure, 1898. 81 pp.

David Biggs, "Clearing, 'Wasting,' and Regreening: An Environmental History of Bare Hills in Central Vietnam," Journal of Asian Studies, 77:4 (November 2018), pp. 1037-58.

"Par un diplomate" [Albert Billot], L'affair du Tonkin: histoire diplomatiquie de l'établissement de notre protectorat sur l'Annam et de notre conflit avec la Chine, 1882-1885. Paris: J. Hetzel, 1888. vi, 430 pp.

Gisele Bousquet and Pierre Brocheux, eds., Viêt-Nam Exposé: French Scholarship on Twentieth-Century Vietnamese Society. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2002. 476 pp.

Mark Philip Bradley, Imagining Vietnam and America: The Making of Postcolonial Vietnam, 1919–1950. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000. xiv, 304 pp.

Erica Fox Brindley, Ancient China and the Yue: Perceptions and Identities on the Southern Frontier, c. 400 BCE–50 CE. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015. xxii, 279 pp.

Pierre Brocheux, The Mekong Delta: Ecology, Economy, and Revolution, 1860–1960. Madison: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, University of Wisconsin, 1995. xix, 269 pp.

Pierre Brocheux and Daniel Hémery, Indochine: La colonisation ambiguë, 1858–1954. Paris: Découverte, 1994. 427 pp. Rev. ed. Paris: Découverte, 2001. 447 pp. English translation Indochina: An Ambiguous Colonization, 1858-1954. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010. 508 pp.

Joseph Buttinger, The Smaller Dragon: A Political History of Vietnam. New York: Praeger, 1958. 535 pp. Basically a history of Vietnam from the origins up to the French conquest, with a brief summary of events from 1900 to 1957 tacked onto the end. The full text is available online to paid subscribers of Questia.

Joseph Buttinger, Vietnam: A Dragon Embattled, 2 vols. New York: Praeger, 1967. 1346 pp. A history of Vietnam from the French conquest to the death of Ngo Dinh Diem.

Joseph Buttinger, Vietnam: A Political History. New York: Praeger, 1968. 565 pp. Basically a condensation of the two previous items, with a chapter added bringing the story up to 1968.

Joseph Buttinger, A Dragon Defiant: A Short History of Vietnam. New York: Praeger, 1972. 147 pp.

Cao Huy Thuan, Les missionnaires et la politique coloniale Française au Vietnam (1857–1914). Lac Viet Series, no. 13. New Haven: Yale Center for International and Area Studies, 1990. 420 pp.

Joseph Chailley-Bert, Paul Bert au Tonkin. Paris: G. Charpentier, 1887. 404 pp. Paul Bert was very briefly, for part of 1886, the French resident-general for Tonkin and Annam.

Oscar Chapuis, The Last Emperors of Vietnam: From Tu Duc to Bao Dai. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2000. xiii, 185 pp. The full text is available online to paid subscribers of Questia.

Jean Charbonneau, L'Armée française en Indochine. Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 1932. 334 pp.

Jean Chesneaux, Contribution a l'histoire de la nation vietnamienne. Paris: Editions Sociales, 1955. 322 pp.

Jean Chesneaux, Georges Boudarel, and Daniel Hémery, eds., Tradition et révolution au Vietnam. Paris: Editions Anthropos, 1971. 499 pp.

Choi Byung Wook, Southern Vietnam under the Reign of Minh Mang (1820-1841): Central Policies and Local Response. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Southeast Asia Program, 2004. 226 pp.

Nola Cooke, "Nineteenth-Century Vietnamese Confucianization in Historical Perspective: Evidence from the Palace Examinations (1463–1883)," Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 25:2 (1994), pp. 270-312.

Georges Coulet, Les sociétés secrètes en terre d'Annam. Saigon: Impremerie Commerciale, 1926. 452 pp.

James Patrick Daughton, "The Civilizing Mission: Missionaries, Colonialists, and French Identity." Ph.D. dissertation, History, University of California at Berkeley, 2002. 417 pp. AAT 3082156. Indochina is one of the cases considered.

J. P. Daughton, An Empire Divided: Religion, Republicanism and the Making of French Colonialism, 1880-1914. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. viii, 344 pp.

Bradley Camp Davis, Imperial Bandits: OUtlaws and Rebels in the China-Vietnam Borderlands. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2017. 288 pp. This deals primarily with the late 19th century group known as the Black Flags.

David W. Del Testa, "Paint the Trains Red: Labor, Nationalism, and the Railroads in French Colonial INdochina, 1898-1945." Ph.D. dissertation, History, University of California at Davis, 2001. 403 pp. AAT 3007670.

David W. Del Testa, "Workers, Culture, and the Railroads in French Colonial Indochina, 1905-1936," French Colonial History vol. 2 (2002), pp. 181-198.

Joseph Delahaut, Correspondence du sergent Delahaut. Saint-Suliac: Editions Yellow Concept, 2004. 175 pp. I believe Delahaut, who died in 1916, had served in Tonkin.

Aline Demay, "Saigon: Une métropole touristique?" French Colonial History vol. 12 (2011), pp. 123-142. Covers the period 1898 to 1939.

Chantal Descours-Gatin, Quand l'opium finançait la colonisation en Indochine: l'élabortion de la régie générale de l'opium (1860 à 1914). Paris: l'Harmattan, 2000. 292 pp.

Gaston Dreyfus, Lettres du Tonkin, 1884-1886. Paris: l'Harmattan, 2001. vii, 207 pp.

Olga Dror and K. W. Taylor, eds., Views of Seventeenth-Century Vietnam: Christoforo Borri on Cochinchina and Samuel Baron on Tonkin. Ithaca, NY: Southeast Asia Program, Cornell University, 2006. 290 pp.

William Duiker, The Rise of Nationalism in Vietnam, 1900–1941. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1976. 313 pp.

William Duiker, "Phan Boi Chau: Asian Revolutionary in a Changing World." Journal of Asian Studies, 31:1 (November 1971), pp. 77-88.

George Dutton, The Tay Son Uprising: Society and Rebellion in Eighteenth-Century Vietnam. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2006. 320 pp.

Henri Eckert, "Double-edged Swords of Conquest in Indochina: Tirailleurs Tonkinois, Chasseurs Annamites, and Militias, 1883-1895," in Karl Hack and Tobias Rettig, eds., Colonial armies in Southeast Asia (London and New York: Routledge, 2006).

Thomas Engelbert, "'Go West' in Cochinchina: Chinese and Vietnamese Illicit Activities in the Transbassac (c. 1860-1920s," Chinese Southern Diaspora Studies, vol. 1 (2007), pp. 56-82.

Gérard Gilles Epain, Indochine: une histoire coloniale oubliée. Paris: l'Harmattan, 2008.

Michael P. M. Finch, A Progressive Occupation? The Gallieni-Lyautey Method and Colonial Pacification in Tonkin and Madagascar, 1885-1900. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2013. 280 pp.

Charles Fourniau, Annam-Tonkin, 1885-1896: lettrés et paysans vietnamiens face à la conquête coloniale. Paris: l'Harmattan, 1989. 294 pp.

Charles Fourniau, Vietnam: domination coloniale et résistance nationale (1858-1914). Paris: led Indes Savantes, 2002. 845 pp.

Charles Fourniau et al., Le contact colonial franco-vietnamien: le premier demi-siècle, 1858-1911. Aix-en-Provence: Publications de l'Université de Provence, 1999. 289 pp.

Philippe Franchini, Tonkin, 1873-1954: colonie et nation, le delta des mythes. Paris: Editions Autrement, 1994. 166 pp.

Wynn Gadkar-Wilcox, "French Imperialism and the Vietnamese Civil Service Examinations, 1862–1919," Journal of American-East Asian Relations 21:4 (2014), pp. 373-393.

Joseph-Simon Gallieni, Trois colonnes au Tonkin, 1894-1895. Paris: Chapelot, 1899. 164 pp.

Christopher E. Goscha, Going Indochinese: Contesting Concepts of Space and Place in French Indochina. Copenhagen: NIAS Press (distributed in the United States by University of Hawaii Press), 2012. xi, 163 pp. Looks at the process by which the people of French Indochina chose to think of themselves as Laotians, Cambodians, and Vietnamese, rather than as Indochinese.

Christopher Goscha, translated by Agathe Larcher, "Aux origines du républicanisme vietnamien: Circulations mondiales et connexions coloniales," Vingtième Siècle: Revue d'histoire no. 131 (2016, no. 3), p. 17-35. A study of Phan Chau Trinh (Phan Chu Trinh).

Gouvernement Général de l'Indochine, Direction des Affaires Politiques et de la Sûreté Générale, Contribution à l'histoire des mouvements politiques del l'Indochine française. 6 vols. Hanoi, 1933.

Louis de Grandmaison, L'expansion Française Au Tonkin: En Territoire Militaire. Paris: E. Plon, Nourrit et cie, 1898. viii, 270 pp.

Marie-Paule Ha, "From "Nos Ancêtres, les Gaulois" to "Leur Culture Ancestrale": Symbolic Violence and the Politics of Colonial Schooling in Indochina". French Colonial History 3 (2003), pp. 101-117.

Andrew Hardy, Red Hills: Migrants and the State in the Highlands of Vietnam. Nordic Institute of Asian Studies Press/University of Hawaii Press, 2003. Looks both at the French colonial period and at the period of Communist rule. Won the Harry J. Benda Prize of the AAS.

Yves Henry, Economie agricole de l'Indochine. Hanoi: Imprimerie d'Extrème-orient, 1932.

Gerald C. Hickey, Kingdom in the Morning Mist: Mayrena in the Highlands of Vietnam. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1988. They story of a Frenchman who had dealings with the Kingdom of the Sedang in the 19th century. The full text is available online to paid subscribers of Questia.

Kimloan Thi Vu Hill, "A Westward Journey and Enlightened Path: Vietnamese Linh Tho, 1915-1930." Ph.D. dissertation, History, University of Oregon, 2001. DA 3018372. 266 pp. Deals with the approximately 100,000 Vietnamese who went to France, or in some cases to the Balkans, as soldiers and laborers during World War I. Covers their experiences both during the war and after most of them had returned to Vietnam.

Charles Keith, "Pretestantism and the Politics of Religion in French Colonial Vietnam," French Colonial History vol. 13 (2012), pp. 141-174.

Charles Keith, Catholic Vietnam: A Church from Empire to Nation. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2012. Catholicism in Vietnam up through the First Indochina War.

Liam Christopher Kelly, "Whither the Bronze Pillars? Envoy Poetry and the Sino-Vietnamese Relationship in the 16th to 19th Centuries." Ph.D. Dissertation, History, University of Hawaii, 2001. 682 pp. AAT 3030179.

Nam C. Kim, The Origins of Ancient Vietnam. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. xvii, 354 pp.

Jean-François Klein, "Industrialiser l'Indochine (1898-1900)?: Entre 'petit patrie' lyonnaise et réseaux à l'échelle du monde," French Colonial History vol. 16 (I believe this was nominally the issue for 2015 but did not actually appear until 2017), pp. 55-77.

Jean-François Klein and Dominique Barjot, eds., De l'Indochine coloniale au Vietnam actuel. Paris: Académie des sciences d'outremer / Magellan & Cie, 2017. 848 pp. Articles include:

Yves Le Jariel, Phan Boi Chau, 1867-1940: le nationalisme vietnamien avant Ho Chi Minh. Paris: l'Harmattan, 2008. 344 pp.

Micheline R. Lessard, ""We Know . . . the Duties We Must Fulfill": Modern 'Mothers and Fathers' of the Vietnamese Nation". French Colonial History 3 (2003), pp. 119-141. Looks at school strikes, involving students and teachers, in Vietnam in the 1920s.

Micheline Lessard, Human Trafficking in Colonial Vietnam. Routledge, 2015. 152 pp.

Micheline Lessard, "'Cet ignoble trafic': The Kidnapping and Sale of Vietnamese Women and Children in French Colonial Indochina," French Colonial History vol. 10 (2009), pp. 1-34.

Micheline Lessard, "Organisons-nous! Racial Antagonism and Vietnamese Economic Nationalism in the Early Twentieth Century," French Colonial History vol. 8 (2007), pp. 203-221.

Li Tana, A Maritime Vietnam: From Earliest Times to the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge University Press, 2024. 354 pp. The impact of the sea and maritime contacts on Vietnamese history.

Bruce McFarland Lockhart, The End of the Vietnamese Monarchy. Lac Viet Series, no. 15. New Haven: Yale Center for International and Area Studies, 1993. 242 pp.

David Marr, Vietnamese Anticolonialism 1885–1925. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971. xix, 322 pp.

David G. Marr, Vietnamese Tradition on Trial, 1920–1945. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1981. xi, 468 pp. Superb study, though not easy to read, of what was happening among educated Vietnamese, including the Communists.

Zachary M. Matusheski, "The Great Hanoi Rat Hunt: Empire, Disease, and Modernity in French Colonial Vietnam," Journal of American-East Asian Relations 26:4 (December 2019).

Henry McAleavy, Black Flags in Vietnam: The Story of a Chinese Intervention. New York: McMillan, 1968. 296 pp. The French penetration of northern Vietnam in the 1870s and 1880s, and the involvement of various Chinese forces in resisting it.

Shawn McHale,, Print and Power: Confucianism, Communism, and Buddhism in the Making of Modern Vietnam, 1920–1945. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, forthcoming.

Mark W. McLeod, The Vietnamese response to French intervention, 1862-1874. New York: Praeger, 1991. xvii, 171 pp.

McLeod, Mark W., "Nationalism and Religion in Vietnam: Phan Boi Chau and the Catholic Question." International History Review vol. xiv (1992), pp. 661-

Henri Laurent Rivière (André Masson, ed.), Correspondance politique du Commandant Rivière au Tonkin, Avril 1882-Mai 1883. Paris: Éditions d'Art et d'Histoire, 1933. vi, 322 pp. Rivière, commander of French forces in Tonkin, pushed aggressively toward French conquest of the region until his death in 1883.

Charles Meyer, Les Français en Indochine, 1860-1910. Paris: Hachette, 1996. 308 pp.

Fabrice Mignot, La France et les princes thais des confins du Viet-Nam et du Laos: Des Pavillons noirs a Dien Bien Phu (1873-1954). Paris: l'Harmattan, 2009. 199 pp.

Robert Hopkins Miller, The United States and Vietnam 1787 - 1941. Washington, D.C.: National Defense University Press, 1990. xvii, 324 pp.

Charles Baude de Morcelay, Le Commandant Riviere Et L'expedition Du Tonkin.

Patrice Morlat, La repression coloniale au Vietnam (1908-1940). Paris: L'Harmattan, 1990. 255 pp.

Martin J. Murray, The Development of Capitalism in Colonial Indochina (1870–1940). Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980. xii, 685 pp.

Mayoury Ngaosyvathn and Pheuiphanh Ngaosyvathn, Paths to Conflagration: Fifty Years of Diplomacy and Warfare in Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam, 1778-1828. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Southeast Asia Program, 1998.

Ngo Vinh Long, Before the Revolution: The Vietnamese Peasants under the French. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1973. Reprinted with a new preface: New York: Columbia University Press, 1991. xxviii, 292 pp. About half the book is translations of contemporary Vietnamese texts.

Ngo Vinh Long, Vietnamese Women in Society and Revolution. 1. The French Colonial Period. Cambridge: Vietnam Resource Center, 1974. 207 pp. Translated texts, plus a long introduction.

Nguyen Khac Vien, ed., A Century of National Struggle, 1847-1945. Hanoi, 1970. 221 pp.

Nguyen Khac Vien, Vietnam: une longue histoire. Hanoi: The Gioi, 1993. Paris: l'Harmattan, 1999. 504 pp.

Martina Thucnghi Nguyen, On Our Own Strength: The Self-Reliant Literary Group and Cosmopolitan Nationalism in Late Colonial Vietnam. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2021. xiii, 262 pp. The Tu Luc Van Doan, an important element of Vietnamese cultural life from 1932 onward.

Nguyen Phut Tan, A Modern History of Vietnam (1802–1954). Saigon: Khai Tri, 1964. 656 pp.

Nguyên Thê Anh, Monarchie et fait colonial au Viêt-nam (1875-1925): Le crépuscule d'un ordre traditionnel. Paris: l'Harmattan, 1992. 311 pp.

Van Nguyen-Marshall, In Search of Moral Authority: The Discourse on Poverty, Poor Relief, and Charity in French Colonial Vietnam. New York: Peter Lang, 2008. 180 pp.

Milton E. Osborne, The French Presence in Cochinchina and Cambodia: Rule and Response (1859-1905). Reprinted Bangkok: White Lotus, 1997. xvi, 379 pp.

Erica J. Peters, "Attacks on a Tax: Struggles over State-Imposed Alcohol in the Villages of Northern Vietnam, 1893-1913," French Colonial History vol. 2 (2002), pp. 199-216.

Phan Boi Chau, Overturned Chariot: The Autobiography of Phan-Boi-Chau. Trans. by Vinh Sinh and Nicholas Wickendam. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1999. x, 296 pp. Phan Boi Chau was the most important Vietnamese nationalist leader of the early 20th century. The full text is available online to paid subscribers of Questia.

Phan Chu Trinh, A Complete Account of the Peasants' Uprising in the Central Region. Madison: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1983. vii, 140 pp. Translated by Peter Baugher and Vu Ngu Chieu.

Emmanuel Poisson, Mandarins et subalternes au nord du Viêt Nam: une bureaucratie à l'éprieuve (1820–1918). Paris: Maisonneuve et Larose, 2004. 355 pp.

Jacob Ramsay, Mandarins and Martyrs: The Church and the Nguyen Dynasty in Early Nineteenth-Century Vietnam. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2008. x, 212 pp.

Brett Reilly, "Redefining the Origins of Vietnam's Civil War: The Cold War Conflict between Phan Boi Chau and Ho Chi Minh in the 1920s-30s," paper presented at the Association of Asian Studies Annual Meeting, March 2017,

Tobias F. Rettig, "Contested Loyalties: Vietnamese Soldiers in the Service of France, 1927–1939." Ph.D. dissertation, University of London, 2005.

Tobias Rettig, "French Military Dilemmas in Indochina from 1900 to 1945: the Yen Bay Mutiny and its aftermath," in Karl Hack and Tobias Rettig, eds., Colonial armies in Southeast Asia (London and New York: Routledge, 2006).

Alain Ruscio, ed., Une vie pour le Vietnam: Mélanges en l'honneur de Charles Fourniau. Paris: les Indes Savantes, 2016. 412 pp. Includes among others:

Anne-Valérie Schweyer, Ancient Vietnam: History, Art, and Archaeology. Bangkok: River Books, 2011. 428 pp. Covers from the 6th to 15th centuries.

Service géographique de l'Indochine, Histoire militaire de l'Indochine française des débuts à nos jours, 2 éd. Hanoi-Haiphong: Imprimerie d'Extrême-orient, 1930.

James C. Scott, The Moral Economy of the Peasant: Rebellion and Subsistence in Southeast Asia. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1976. ix, 246 pp. A very sophisticated analysys of the impact of modernization and westernization on Southeast Asian (including Vietnamese) peasants. Be careful; this work is often grossly misrepresented. Do not trust any other scholar's summary of its ideas; read it yourself. For comments on the ways other scholars have misrepresented Scott, see:

Ralph B. Smith, Pre-Communist Indochina. Routledge, 2008. 240 pp. Goes from the 14th century to the 1940s.

Tibor Szecsko, La Légion étrangère en Indochine: 1914-1941. Aix-en-Provence: Edi-Cats, 1989. 358 pp.

Hue-Tam Ho Tai, Radicalism and the Origins of the Vietnamese Revolution. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1992. x, 325 pp. Focuses on the 1920s.

Hue-Tam Ho Tai, Passion, Betrayal, and Revolution in Colonial Saigon: The Memoirs of Bao Luong. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010. xii, 199 pp. Bao Luong (real name Nguyen Trung Nguyet) was still in her teens when she joined the Revolutionary Youth League (Thanh Nien). She was involved in a sensational murder that occurred at the end of 1928. Professor Tai has combined an account Bao Luong wrote in the 1960s with information from the police file on the murder and family reminiscences (Bao Luong had been Professor Tai's aunt) to produce this account, which refers to Bao Luong in the third person.

Keith W. Taylor, The Birth of Vietnam. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983. xxi, 397 pp.

Keith W. Taylor and John K. Whitmore, eds., Essays into Vietnamese Pasts. Ithaca: Cornell University Southeast Asia Program, 1995. 288 pp.

Auguste Thomazi, La conquête de l'Indochine. Paris: Payot, 1934. 288 pp.

Virginia Thompson, French Indo-China. New York: Macmillan, 1937. 517 pp.

Tran Hoa Phuong, "Vietnamese Higher Education at the Intersection of French and Soviet Influences." Ph.D. dissertation, Higher Education, SUNY at Buffalo, 1999. 256 pp.

My-Van Tran, A Vietnamese Royal Exile in Japan: Prince Cuong De, 1882-1951. New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003. 256 pp.

Nhung Tuyet Tran & Anthony Reid, eds., Viet Nam: Borderless Histories. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2006. ix, 386 pp.

Trinh Van Thao, L'école française en Indochine. Paris: Karthala, 1995.

Truong Buu Lam, Patterns of Vietnamese Response to Foreign Intervention: 1858–1900. Monograph Series No. 11. New Haven: Yale University Southeast Asia Studies, 1967. x, 151 pp.

Truong Buu Lam, ed., Colonialism Experienced: Vietnamese Writings on Colonialism, 1900–1931. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000. Documents written between 1900 and 1931.

Chi Huyen Truong [I believe this is an anglicized Truong Chi Huyen], "Changing Processes of Social Reproduction in the Northern Vietnamese Countryside: An Ethnographic Study of Dong Vang Village (Red River Delta)." Ph.D. dissertation, Antropology, University of Toronto, 2001. 311 pp. AAT NQ63585. Dong Vang village, Hoang Long commune, Phu Xuyen district, Ha Tay province. The discussion of land reform is probably pretty short.

Yoshiharu Tsuboï, L'Empire vietnamien face à la Chine et à la France, 1847-1885. Paris: L'Harmattan, 1987.

Esta Serne Ungar, "Vietnamese Leadership and Order: Dai Viet under the Le Dynasty (1428–1459)." Ph.D. dissertation, History, Cornell, 1983. 417 pp. AAT 8321910.

Michael G. Vann, "Of Rats, Rice, and Race: The Great Hanoi Rat Massacre, an Episode in French Colonial History". French Colonial History 4 (2003), pp. 191-203. The anti-rat campaign of 1902.

Walter Vella, ed., Aspects of Vietnamese History. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1973. 269 pp. Includes Truong Buu Lam, "The Faithful Few: The Politics of Collaboration in Cochinchina in the 1920s."

Vinh Sinh, ed., Phan Boi Chau and the Dong-du Movement. New Haven, CT: Council on Southeast Asia Studies, Yale Center for International and Area Studies, 1988. viii, 229 pp.

Vinh Sinh, ed., Phan Châu Trinh and His Political Writings. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Southeast Asia Program, 2009. xvi, 139 pp. Phan Chau Trinh (Phan Chu Trinh), 1872-1926, was one of the most important patriotic leaders of his era, but more inclined to reform, and less to revolutionary violence, than Phan Boi Chau.

Vu Duc Liem, "Vietnam at the Khmer Frontier: Boundary Politics, 1802-1847," Cross-Currents: East Asian History and Culture Review, no. 20 (September 2016), pp, 75-101.

Vu Tam Ich, A Historical Survey of Educational Developments in Vietnam. This was published as Bulletin of the Bureau of School Service, Vol. XXXII, No. 2 (December 1959). Lexington, KY: College of Education, University of Kentucky. 136 pp. The text has been placed on-line in the Virtual Vietnam Archive of the Vietnam Project, at Texas Tech University, in two parts: Front matter and pp. 1–27, pp. 28–56, pp. 57–85, pp. 86–114, pp. 115–136.

Charles James Wheeler, "Cross-cultural Trade and Trans-regional Networks in the Port of Hoi An: Maritime Vietnam in the Early Modern Era." Ph.D. dissertation, History, Yale, 2001. 292 pp. AAT 3007447. Chinese merchants and their interaction with the Nguyen domain through the port of Hoi An (Faifo), in the 17th and 18th centuries.

John K. Whitmore, Vietnam, Ho Quy Ly, and the Ming (1371–1421). Lac-Viet Series, No. 2. New Haven: Yale Center for International and Area Studies, 1985. xii, 214 pp.

Wynn William Wilcox, "Allegories of Vietnam: Transculturation and the Origin Myths of Franco-Vietnamese Relations." Ph.D. dissertation, History, Cornell, 2002. 434 pp. Looks at the relationship of Nguyê˜n Phúc Ánh with the various Europeans such as the Bishop of Adran who worked with and for him when he was fighting the Tây Son, in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, and at the way that relationship has been portrayed by later historians.

Wynn Wilcox, Allegories of the Vietnamese Past: Unification and the Production of a Modern Historical Identity. New Haven: Yale University Southeast Asia Studies, 2011. 211 pp. Looks at the way various episodes (at least one of them imaginary) from Vietnam's past history have been interpreted and used in more recent political disputes.

Alexander Woodside, Vietnam and the Chinese Model: A Comparative Study of Nguyen and Ch'ing Civil Government in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971. 358 pp.

Peter Zinoman, The Colonial Bastille: A History of Imprisonment in Vietnam, 1862–1940. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001. xix, 351 pp. This book won the John K. Fairbank Prize of the American Historical Association.

Peter Zinoman, Vietnamese Colonial Republican: The Political Vision of Vu Trong Phung. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2014. xiii, 300 pp. A major writer of the late 1930s.

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Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2023, 2024, Edwin E. Moise. This document may be reproduced only by permission. Opinions expressed in this bibliography are my own. They could hardly be the opinions of Clemson University, since Clemson University does not have opinions on the matters in question. Revised March 6, 2024.